Ghana, a nation in West Africa, was a British colony known as the Gold Coast until 1957, when it became the first state in sub-Saharan Africa to gain political independence from European colonial rule.
This densely populated, lowland country has a prosperous economy noted for its gold mining and its production of cacao, which is used to make cocoa and chocolate. Following its independence, Ghana assumed the leadership role in the African continent’s struggle for national liberation. A series of military coups and severe economic problems plagued Ghana from the late 1960s into the 1980s. However, Ghana reemerged in the 1990s as a democracy and a leading player in African affairs.