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Federal Triangle

Identification

Federal Triangle
office complex
113149

Map

Facts

  • The Federal Triangle project is the largest US government-initiated construction project ever enacted in the nation's capital.
  • In the late 1800s through the first decades of the 1900s, the dilapidated area between Pennsylvania Avenue and the National Mall, east of the White House, was known as Murder Bay.
  • Early attempts to improve this district included the construction of the Trump International Hotel and John A. Wilson Building, but little additional development followed.
  • The massive plan for a wholesale demolition of the area's buildings and construction of new government facilities was approved by Congress with the Public Buildings Act of 1926.
  • Design guidelines were set by Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon and a Board of Architectural Consultants, headed by Edward H. Bennett of the Chicago firm Bennett, Parsons & Frost.
  • Each member of the Board was given the responsibility of designing one building in the Federal Triangle. Design guidelines contributed to a unifying concept across the entire complex, creating a monumental complex highly symbolic in its role as a center of the Federal Government's power.
  • The Federal Triangle occupies the site bounded by Pennsylvania Avenue on the north, Constitution Avenue and the National Mall on the south, and 14th Street NW on the west. The apex of the triangle, on the east side, is where Pennsylvania and Constitution meet 6th Street NW.

Location

Washington
U.S.A.

Involved Companies

Mueser Rutledge Consulting Engineers
Mueser Rutledge Consulting Engineers


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# Building Height Floors Building type Year Status
1 exterior-looking-up Trump International Hotel 315 ft 12 high-rise building 1899
2 exterior-south-elevation-from-across-constitution-avenue-nw National Archives Building 166 ft 8 high-rise building 1935
3 exterior-view-from-pennsylvania-avenue Ronald Reagan Building 125 ft 9 high-rise building 1998
4 fullheightview William Jefferson Clinton Building North and South ≈95 ft 8 low-rise building 1934
5 1300-1320 Pennsylvania Avenue 8 low-rise building 1916
6 exterior-partial-west-facade-from-the-ellipse Herbert C. Hoover Building ≈83 ft 7 low-rise building 1932
7 exterior-view-to-the-northwest-across-constitution-avenue-nw William Jefferson Clinton Building West ≈83 ft 7 low-rise building 1934
8 exterior-view-to-the-northeast-across-constitution-avenue-nw William Jefferson Clinton Building East ≈83 ft 7 low-rise building 1934
9 area-view-from-south Internal Revenue Service Building ≈83 ft 7 low-rise building 1936
10 Robert F. Kennedy Federal Building ≈83 ft 7 low-rise building 1935
11 Federal Trade Commission Building 7 low-rise building 1938
12 exterior-full-south-elevation-from-across-constitution-avenue-nw Mellon Auditorium ≈83 ft 7 low-rise building 1934
13 John A. Wilson Building ≈59 ft 5 low-rise building 1908
existing
under construction
planned
unbuilt
demolished
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