Tlaxcala is the picturesque capital city of the small state of Tlaxcala. This colonial city was founded in 1520 by Hernán Cortés on the site of a pre-existing Native American settlement, located today about 75 miles east of Mexico City and 20 miles north of Puebla. The city is built around two central plazas that meet at the corner of Avenida Independencia and Avenida Muñoz. The northern one is the zócalo, called the Plaza de la Constitutión. The other is known as Plaza Xicohténcatl. Tlaxcala is home to some of Mexico's most beautiful and impressive colonial churches.