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Barakaldo

About Barakaldo

95,640 in city
937,779 in metro
24 km² (9 mi²)
30 m
The city as it is today was founded in 1054 by Lopez Vazquez who was the Señor of the city (village at that time). Industry developed quite early, accelerating during the 18th and 19th centuries. During the 19th century, mining activities nearby helped in the growth of the city. In fact, Barakaldo was in the middle of transports roads between mining zones and the harbour. Its proximity to Bilbao also played an important role in its expansion. After the Spanish Civil War, the city continued to attract immigrants from rural zones of the Basque Country, especially from other places in Spain, with the promise of finding a better future. The population reached a peak of 100,000 people in the late 1970s. During the great crisis of the 1970s, unemployment rose significantly, to more than 20 percent, and many people left the city. Many companies closed their doors including AHV, Altos Hornos de Vizcaya, where more than 10,000 people worked at the peak of industrial activity. There were also many ship building companies. That’s one of the reasons why there aren't many brigdes in the zone. However, during the last years some initiatives have been put in place in order to improve the situation. One of those initiatives is the Bilbao Exhibition Centre, which because of a lack of space, is moving from Bilbao to Barakaldo. San Vizenteko Dorreak and Loizaga Taldea are also part of this improvement. Many parks are being built as well as social flats designed to be more affordable than normal ones. Most of those initiatives are being developed in depressed industrial zones, such as the land that occupied the AHV company.

No. of Buildings

No. Current status
138 All Buildings
113
existing
17
planned
8
unbuilt

Tallest Buildings

# Building Height Year
1 Torre BEC 322 ft 2006
2 Torre IX 246 ft 2005
3 Torre VIII 246 ft 2004
4 Torre VII 246 ft 2004
5 Torre II 246 ft 2003

Building types

No. Type
97 high-rise building
36 low-rise building
5 skyscraper