Niagara Falls is a tourist and industrial center located on the Niagara River 22 miles (35 km) northwest of Buffalo. Located just north of the Niagara Falls, it hosts millions of visitors annually. The falls also generates one of the world's largest concentrations of hydroelectric power, which is exploited by a diverse base of local industry.
French trappers, soldiers, and missionaries were present in the area from the late 17th century until the British took control in 1759. The British did not cede the area to the United States until 1796. The present city of Niagara Falls was incorporated in 1892. Large urban renewal projects in the 1960s and 1970s profoundly changed the downtown.