Long Branch is a Jersey Shore community located about 45 miles (72 km) south of New York City. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was a favorite resort of New York and Philadelphia society. Presidents Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, B. Harrison, McKinley, and Wilson worshipped at the local St. James Chapel, the "Church of the Presidents." Garfield died at his home here Sept. 17, 1881 after being shot in Washington.
Long Branch was settled in 1740 and named for the "long branch" of the South Shrewsbury River. It was incorporated as a city in 1904. Besides tourism, its economy is based on clothing and electronics manufacturing as well as the nearby Fort Monmouth.