Macon lies on the Ocmulgee River in central Georgia, about 80 miles (130 km) south of Atlanta. One of Georgia's largest cities, it is a center of manufacturing and trade, and the seat of Bibb County. Food processing, particularly of peaches and poultry, textiles, and medical services are among the city's top industries.
Thomas Jefferson established Fort Hawkins here in 1806 on the site of a Creek Indian settlement. The city was chartered in 1823, named for North Carolina congressman Nathaniel Macon. It grew into an important railroad center during the 1840s and 1850s. Downtown Macon is noted for its unusually broad streets.