A former British colony, taken by the British empire in the 19th century and handed back to China in 1997. Now a Special Administrative Region in the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong (the name means Fragrant Harbour) is a major seaport, financial center and the business hub of Asia.
The tiny portion of flat land available for construction (estimated to be around 200 sq. kms.) has led to a concentrated high-rise environment and very high population density. More than 85% of the population growth in Hong Kong Metro (1991-2001) has been within the New Territories.
Home for many business tycoons and giant companies as well as poor illegal immigrants, Hong Kong is a city of opportunities, extremities, and busy streetlife.