Oxford is the administrative capital of Oxfordshire in central-southern England.
Although occupied for thousands of years, Oxford has been a recognised settlement for over 900 years and for many, Oxford is most well-known for its university which is the world’s most famous.
With teaching dating back as far as 1096, the city is the world’s oldest English-speaking university – by the 13th century it had become one of the foremost educational establishments in Europe and today comprises nearly forty colleges, the oldest being University College founded 1249, with the colleges and university buildings comprising the campus within the city itself.
Oxford was briefly held by Charles I as the capital of England from 1642 to 1645 during the English Civil War and is home to many famous museums and buildings which include the Ashmolean (1683), Britain’s oldest public museum, the Pitt Rivers Museum (1884), the Sheldonian Theatre (1669) by Sir Christopher Wren, the Radcliffe Camera (1749) by James Gibbs, the Clarendon Building (1715) by Nicholas Hawksmoor and the Bodleian Library.
Oxford is also home to the foundation of the Pre-Raphaelite art movement.
The city is not just about academia though and saw the birth of the Morris Garages (MG) car firm and is the site of the BMW car plant which makes the Mini car; the city provided the backdrop to the TV series 'Inspector Morse' and many publishing firms are also situated in the city, including the Oxford University Press though it is as the City of Dreaming Spires for which Oxford is best known and is one of the most beautiful and most famous cities in the world.