The foundation stone was laid by Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria.
The original Royal Exchange was established by Sir Thomas Gresham in 1565 and was modelled on Antwerp's Stock Exchange. It was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. A replacement was completed in 1669 which once again was destroyed by fire in 1838.
The Royal Exchange was refurbished in 1991 by Fitzroy Robinson & Partners who added additional floors. In 2001, further remodelling was undertaken (again, by Fitzroy Robinson) to incorporate luxury shopping boutiques into what is now an upmarket, mid-nineteenth century shopping mall.
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