The memorial was opened by the Prince of Wales in the presence of the French President on 31st July 1932; a ceremony of remembrance is held here each year on 1st July.
The memorial manifests itself in the form of a huge stepped arrangement of intersecting arches with a 24-metre (80-feet) high central arch.
Clad largely in brick, the sixteen piers are clad with Portland stone on which the names of the dead are carved.
Thiepval is the largest memorial to the Missing from any war in which British soldiers have died.
The memorial commemorates the British and South African soldiers who died at the infamous Battle of the Somme up until 20th March 1918. Of the 72,085 remembered, 90% died during the period 1st July to 18th November 1918.
The memorial also celebrates the Anglo-French offensive on the Somme in 1916.
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