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Beijing National Stadium

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Beijing National Stadium
Beijing Olympic Stadium, National Stadium, Bird's Nest


Structure in General

existing [completed]
geothermal heating


track and field


  • Beijing National Stadium is believed to be the world's largest enclosed space.
  • The total enclosed space inside the roof is 3 million cubic metres.
  • The stadium was designed with the use of CATIA CAD.
  • The roof's upper surface is clad with Ethylene Tetrafluoro Ethylene (ETFE) panels whilst the lower surface is clad with an acoustic membrane to absorb sound.
  • The stadium is constructed from 36km (22 miles) of curved and tilted steel beams that rise from a sloping plinth.
  • The lattice design was influenced by the randomness of nature as well as the patterns found on traditional Chinese pottery.
  • Geothermal heat is used to both warm and cool the stadium as well as provide hot water.
  • The stadium played host to both the opening and closing ceremonies of the 29th Olympic Games in 2008 as well as the game's track and field events.
  • Ground breaking took place on 24th December, 2003.
  • The stadium is designed to be energy efficient with natural lighting and ventilation used where possible to minimise energy consumption.
  • The stadium has the capacity for 91,000 spectators.
  • After the Olympics, spectator accommodation was reduced to 80,000.
  • The roof weighs 45,000 tonnes and is made from steel.
  • The construction site did not cause any waste: All waste materials from the site preparation and construction phases were either reused on site or at another site, or were sent away for recycling.

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Olympic Green

Technical Data

227.03 ft
227.03 ft
1,083.01 ft
722.01 ft

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Features & Amenities

  • One of the city's famous buildings
  • Floodlighting at night
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