The memorial commemorates all Marines who have given their lives in defending the US since 1775.
The memorial itself depicts Marines erecting Old Glory atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima following the Marines' defeat of the Japanese.
The Marine Corps Memorial was designed by Horace W. Peaslee whilst the sculptor Felix W. de Weldon designed the sculpture, based on a photograph of the event.
The figures are 32 feet tall whilst the flagpole is 60 feet in length.
The base of the memorial is fashioned from Swedish granite and bears the dates and names of every major Marine Corps engagement since its founding, picked out in gold.
The total cost of the memorial and its site was $850,000, all of which was donated by Marines past, present and associated bodies.
The memorial was dedicated on 10th November, 1954 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
There are two inscriptions on the base of the monument, one of which reads: "In honor and in memory of the men of the United States Marine Corps who have given their lives to their country since November 10, 1775".
The second inscription (which is a tribute from Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz to the men who took Iwo Jima) reads: "Uncommon Valor was a Common Virtue.".
As of 12th June 1961, a flag has flown from the pole as the result of a Presidential proclamation.
The memorial is one of the world's largest and most memorable monuments.
Marine Corps War Memorial is sited at the entrance to Arlington National Cemetery, overlooking the Potomac River.
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