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Westminster Cathedral

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Identification

Westminster Cathedral
Metropolitan Cathedral of the Precious Blood
136291

Map

Structure in General

church
existing [completed]
brick
orange
neo-byzantine

Usages

church (roman catholic)

Facts

  • The site for the Cathedral was purchased in 1884, after previously being occupied a prison built in 1834. Prior to that, in 1651, Oliver Cromwell interred Scottish prisoners on the site following the defeat of Charles II.
  • John Francis Bentley was chosen as the architect, and the foundation stone was laid on the 29th June 1895. The foundations were completed in 1896 and the fabric of the building was finished in 1903. The Cathedral was consecrated in 1910.
  • The Cathedral was visited by Pope John Paul II in 1982 and in 1995 by Queen Elizabeth II; the first time a sovereign had attended a Roman Catholic liturgy.
  • 125 different marbles from 23 countries on 5 continents are used in the Cathedral - more than any other building in England. The building also houses mosaics containing 12 million pieces; when completed to the original designs, upto 100 million pieces would need to be laid.
  • The 14 Stations of the Cross were carved by the sculptor and typographer Eric Gill, who in 1914 was exempted from war service in order to carve them.
  • Architect John Francis Bentley conducted a Grand Tour of Europe prior to designing Westminster Cathedral and was influenced by the Byzantine architecture of Venice's Basilica di San Marco and Istanbul's Haghia Sophia.
  • The cathedral boasts the widest nave in England.
  • The cathedral is Grade I Listed.

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More Information

Location

42 Francis Street
42 Francis Street
SW1
London
England
United Kingdom

Technical Data

284.00 ft
284.00 ft
1895
1903

Involved Companies


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Features & Amenities

  • One of the city's famous buildings
  • City landmark
  • National landmark
  • Observation deck on roof
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