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Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens

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Identification

Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens
Amiens Cathedral
130465

Map

Structure in General

church
existing [completed]
masonry
exposed structure
light gray
gothic

Usages

church (roman catholic)

Facts

  • The Gothic cathedral is the tallest complete cathedral in France.
  • The foundations of this church extend to a maximum depth of 8 m.
  • Amiens Cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.
  • The previous cathedral of Amiens built in 1137 in Romanesque style, was destroyed by fire in 1218.
  • In 1236 the nave is almost completed and an adjacent building is abandoned so more space comes available for the construction of the cathedral.
  • In 1258 the cathedral is damaged by a fire on the construction supports and wood work at the choir.
  • In 1269 the main structure of this cathedral can be considered as finished.
  • In 1288 the interior floor is paved.
  • From 1290-1375 the lateral chapels of the nave are constructed.
  • In the period 1366-1402 first the southern tower and secondly the northern tower is finished on the western façade.
  • In 1528, the first spire (located at the intersection of nave and transept) was destroyed by fire.
  • From 1529-1533 the current spire is constructed. The height of this spire is exactly 112.7 m.
  • The two towers on the western façade are accessible to the public. It takes 307 steps to the highest level.
  • The height of the ridge of the roof of the nave and transept is 56 m.
  • The architecture of this cathedral inspired churches like Sint-Janskathedraal, Sint-Martinuskerk, Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria and St. Patrick's Cathedral.
  • The height under the vault of the nave is 42.3 m, the highest in France.
  • The main nave is internally 54 m long and 14.6 m wide.
  • The western façade consists of four parts: the porches, the gallery of kings, the rose window and the two square foot print towers.
  • The rose window was reconstructed in the 16th century in a more flamboyant gothic style.
  • On the main façade the left porch is dedicated to Saint-Firmin, the center porch to Christ and the right porch to Our Lady.
  • The axial chapel is very remarkable since it resembles to La Sainte Chapelle. The resemblance is explained by the fact that both had the same architect: Thomas de Cormont.
  • The interior length of the nave is about 133.5 m.
  • The enormity of this cathedral resulted in stability issues in 1497. The stability of the Triforium is improved and directly results in a still today very stable building.

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More Information

Location

Place Notre Dame
80000
Amiens
Picardie
France

Technical Data

369.75 ft
369.75 ft
475.72 ft
229.66 ft
1220
1533

Features & Amenities

  • One of the city's famous buildings
  • UNESCO landmark
  • Cathedral title is officially assigned
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