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The Saviour Tower

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Identification

The Saviour Tower
Spasskaya Tower, Frolovskaya Tower, Spasskaya Bashnya
111701

Map

Structure in General

guard tower
existing [completed]

Facts

  • The present-day clock and chimes were repaired and installed by the brothers Butenop in 1851.
  • The tower's gate facing The Red Square has always been the main entrance to the Kremlin.
  • On April, 16, 1658, according to the decree signed by Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich, the tower was renamed from Frolovskaya to Spasskaya.
  • In 1935, the tower’s marquee was crowned with a five-pointed star which was replaced by larger one (diameter of 3.75m) in 1937.
  • The star at the Tower's top rotates under the wind like a weathervane.
  • Day and night the star’s surface is illuminated from the inside by a lamp of 5000W.
  • Initially, it was built in 1491 by Italian architect Pietro Antonio Solari.
  • It's height without the star is 67.3m.
  • In 1920, during the restoration of the tower, musician M. Cheremnykh and the Kremlin’s plumber N. Berens rearranged the playing mechanism as to play the tune of “The International”.
  • The first clock on the Spasskaya Tower was installed by Christopher Galloway, English clockmaster.
  • In 1624-1625, Spasskaya Tower was the first Kremlin tower overbuilt with a high multi-tiered top and a stone marquee. The construction of the marquee was supervised by Russian architect Bazhen Ogurtsov and English clockmaster Christopher Galloway.
  • Initially, the pass-tower was called Frolovskaya.

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More Information

Location

Kremlin
Kitay-Gorod
Central
Moscow
City of Moscow
Russia

Technical Data

232.94 ft
232.94 ft
1625
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