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U.S. Gypsum Building

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Identification

U.S. Gypsum Building
102687

Map

Structure in General

high-rise building
demolished [destroyed]
caisson foundation
marble
slate
white dark gray
modernism

Usages

commercial office

Facts

  • Polyhedral projections in the cornice, finials, and arcade roof were based on the shape of gypsum crystals.
  • The building's cladding was especially luxuriant, with white marble piers, black slate spandrels, and bluish-gray tinted glass.
  • The U.S. Gypsum Building was the first modern office skyscraper in Chicago to be demolished.
  • A group of plaster cast sculptures by Edgar Miller depicting the making and use of gypsum products were hung on the lobby walls.
  • Each corner was notched, with a thin marble spire rising from the inside corner to a finial at the top. Four additional finials decorated each side of the roof.
  • The tower was rotated 45° from the direction of the street grid, forming small triangular plazas at each corner of the lot.
  • The building won architectural awards when it was built for incorporating eight corner offices per floor.

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More Information

Location

101 South Wacker Drive
345 West Monroe Street
101 South Wacker Drive
60606
Loop
Downtown
Chicago
Illinois
U.S.A.

Technical Data

220.00 ft
220.00 ft
220.00 ft
18
Jan 1962
Apr 1963
1994

Involved Companies

Perkins & Will

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