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Mexico City

Mexico City

About Mexico City

8,864,370 in city
19,231,829 in metro
574.13 mi² (1,487 km²)
7,349 ft

Mexico City is the capital of Mexico and one of the most important cities in the world. Here, the old and the new blend uniquely. The city was founded by Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés in 1521 making it the oldest European city in the “New World”. Built over the ruins of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan it became the capital of New Spain. In the 21st century, the “City of Palaces” (declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO) coexists with modern buildings and expressways.

Mexico City is the financial center of Latin America and virtually every foreign and domestic corporation has operations in the city. It produces an amazing 25% of Mexico’s $815 billion economy making Mexico City alone the 30th largest economy in the world! In addition, it is one of the most important cultural centers in the world boasting more museums than any other city. It is also the fourth city in number of theaters just behind New York, London and Toronto.

Every skyscraper in Mexico City is a monument to engineering. Mexico City is not only located in a major earthquake zone but it is also built over a lake which creates a very unstable foundation for high-rise construction. Yet, Mexico City had its first 40-story skyscraper almost half a century ago when the Torre Lationoamericana, the tallest building in Latin America at the time, was built. Today, there are hundreds of skyscrapers challenging nature in Mexico City’s skyline.

Boroughs:

Metro Cities:

No. of Buildings

No. Current status
1,733 All buildings
83
under construction
1,582
existing
28
planned
20
demolished
20
unbuilt

Tallest buildings

# Building Height Year
1 Torre Mayor 738 ft 2003
2 Torre Ejecutiva Pemex 693 ft 1984
3 Torre Altus 640 ft 1993
4 Torre Latinoamericana 597 ft 1956
5 Torre WTC 565 ft 1972

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