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About Beijing

7,746,519 in city
13,819,569 in metro
16,807 km² (6,489 mi²)
43.5 m
Beijing has been China's capital city almost continuously since 1272, when the Mongol ruler Kublai Khan established his base here. In the early 1400's the city was named Beijing ("Northern Capital") and became the offical capital of China. The Communist Party took over the capital in 1949. Since the government's economic reforms starting in the 1980's the city has been transformed into a modern cultural center. Beijing's top attractions are the enormous Forbidden City complex, the Temple of Heaven, and Beihai Park. Nearby to the north are the famous Summer Palace and a major crossing of the Great Wall of China. The city is organized with Tiananmen Square at the center, surrounded by the Forbidden City and major government buildings. Beyond this area the city is organized in concentric rings, with the most important commercial centers to the east. In 2008 Beijing will be the host city of the Summer Olympic Games.

Metro Cities


No. of Buildings

No. Current status
1,221 All Buildings
under construction

Tallest Buildings

# Building Height Year
1 China World Trade Center Tower III 1,083 ft 2010
2 Beijing Greenland Dawangjing Tower 935 ft 2016
3 Fortune Plaza Office Building 1 876 ft 2014
4 Park Tower 820 ft 2007
5 Beijing TV Centre 784 ft 2006