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National Archives Building

Identification

National Archives Building
Archives I
270137

Map

Structure in General

high-rise building
existing [completed]
steel
granite
limestone
light gray
neo-classicism

Usages

governmental office library (private)

Facts

  • There are 72 Corinthian columns that adorn all four sides of the exterior, each measuring 53 feet in height, 5.66 feet in diameter, and weighing 95 tons.
  • The main entrance on Constitution Avenue is guarded by the largest bronze doors in the world, each weighing 6.5 tons, and measuring 38.6 feet high, 10 feet wide, and 11 inches thick.
  • Granite was used to construct the base of the building, and limestone was used for the exterior superstructure.
  • The name "Archives I" refers to the construction of "Archives II" in 1993 in nearby Adelphi, Maryland. The new building provides twice as much storage space as this building.
  • The Rotunda for the Charters of Freedom, located in the center of the building, is where the original Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and Bill of Rights are displayed.
  • This building includes 21 floors of stacks for storage of books, documents, photographs, and film.
  • The building was constructed above an underground stream, which required driving 8,575 piles into the unstable soil before the large concrete foundation was poured.

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More Information

Location

700 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
20408
Washington
District of Columbia
U.S.A.

Technical Data

166.00 ft
213.00 ft
330.00 ft
8
1
1931
1935

Involved Companies

Mueser Rutledge Consulting Engineers
John Russell Pope
facade supplier, general contractor, structural engineering
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