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Great Sphinx of Giza


Great Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx


Structure in General

existing [completed]
light brown
egyptian architecture


  • The Sphinx is believed to be a depiction of King Khafre wearing the royal nemes headdress affixed to a lion's body.
  • Part of the Sphinx's beard is on display in the British Museum in London.
  • Many features, including the nose, are missing.
  • For much of its life, the Sphinx was buried in sand which helped preserve it against erosion by wind-blown sand.
  • The Sphinx is a national symbol of Egypt and is one of the world's most famous monuments.
  • The Sphinx's face is four metres (13 feet) in width.
  • The base was carved from a natural limestone outcrop at around the time of the construction of the Pyramid of Khephren (Khafre), circa 2,555 to 2,532 BC; the Sphinx though could be far older.

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Giza Plateau

Technical Data

66.33 ft
66.33 ft
238.02 ft

Features & Amenities

  • One of the city's famous buildings
  • City landmark
  • National landmark
  • UNESCO landmark
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