ok We use cookies on our website to allow you the best possible service. More information can be found here.
Your location:

The Pinnacle


The Pinnacle
The Bishopsgate Tower, DIFA Tower


Structure in General

unbuilt [cancelled]
pile foundation
curtain wall
light gray purple
active heating (unspecified)


commercial office
shop(s) restaurant café bar


  • The design of the top resembles a helter-skelter, hence the tower's nickname.
  • Level 57 is double height.
  • The top of the tower should sway by only about 5 centimetres (2 inches).
  • The height was determined by the flight path leading to London's City Airport.
  • Features a high performance triple glazed façade and combines both natural and mechanical ventilation to reduce carbon emissions and energy consumption.
  • The scheme was initially proposed to be 307.25m tall with 64 storeys and a total floor area of 140,147sq m. Following objections from the Civil Aviation Authority, the height was reduced in December 2005 by 19.35m/4 storeys.
  • The ventilated façade system consists of overlapping flat panels which resemble snakeskin, obviating the need for curved panels; indeed the exterior is expressed without a single piece of curved glass.
  • The building has 52 office floors with financial trading floors sited on levels 3 to 9.
  • The building has 60 main 2.4 metre (7.8 feet) piles descending to a depth of 60 metres (197 feet), each of which required concrete to be poured continuously for 13 hours.
  • The design maximises the use of natural light reducing dependence on electric lighting.
  • All of the office floor plates can be split to house two tenants on one floor and all floors can be configured for cellular or open-plan occupation.
  • The building's height AOD is 305 metres.
  • The façade is ventilated to counter solar gain and facilitate the use of natural ventilation.
  • The base of the tower exhibits a curvaceous canopy which billows out in the manner of the bottom of a pair of flared trousers.
  • The tower has 90,000 photovoltaic cells which are integrated into around 2,000 sq m of the façade and generate 200 kilowatts of electricity.
  • An earlier proposal for a 216m tall, 50-storey tower designed by Murphy/Jahn Associates on the site of 6-8 Bishopsgate and 22-24 Bishopsgate was abandoned following opposition from English Heritage over the impact on the view of St. Paul's Cathedral looking east along Fleet Street.
  • A planning application was submitted on 1 December 2006 to make a series of revisions to the scheme in order to increase the overall floor area. The changes retain the same building envelope, but include 3 additional floors, a revised Sliver building, changes to the cladding and a larger basement.
  • The building incorporates biomass heating and ground water heat exchangers.
  • The bottom three storeys of the tower are publicly accessible; there is also a sky lobby and restaurant on the 43rd floor which are London's highest public vantage point.

Do you need more information about this building and its related companies?

More Information


22-24 Bishopsgate, 38 Bishopsgate and 4 Crosby Square
The Pinnacle
City of London
United Kingdom

Technical Data

944.55 ft
944.55 ft
944.55 ft
13.12 ft

Involved Companies

MEP engineering, architectural model making, client, consultant, developer, elevator engineering, facade designer, facade maintenance system supplier, facade supplier, fire protection engineering, general contractor, landscape architect, planning consultant, project management, real estate agent, sealants & adhesives supplier, steel supplier, structural engineering, wind surveyor

Features & Amenities

  • Handicapped accessible
  • Raised floors are available
  • Skylobby is present
  • Solar panels are installed
  • Variable walls can be built
Found a mistake?