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Chanin Building

Identification

Chanin Building
115509

Map

Structure in General

skyscraper
existing [completed]
steel
brick
applied masonry
light brown
art deco

Usages

commercial office

Facts

  • 3rd tallest building in the world, when it was completed.
  • Chanin himself had his own offices on the 50th and 51st floors of the tower that were famous for a theater and an award-winning bathroom.
  • To attract tenants, the owner provided centralized services at the base of the building including an underground connection to Grand Central Terminal and ground-floor commercial spaces.
  • A movie theater and a subterranean bus terminal were included in the original project but no longer remain.
  • Above the base, the tower's steel frame is clad in buff brick and terra cotta and it is set back in conformance with the 1916 Zoning Law.
  • At the top, the skyscraper is capped by a dramatic crown that was once illuminated at night.
  • Inside the lobby, the walls are decorated with reliefs by set-designer Jacques Delamarre and Renee Chambellan that represent "The City of Opportunity" and "The Active Life of the Individual," the latter perhaps a reference to Chanin's own rise to power and wealth.
  • The facade illustrates the introduction of colored glass, stone and metal on the exterior of tall buildings.
  • In contrast to its neighbor, Grand Central Terminal, the Chanin Building's Art Deco facade represents a turn away from the Beaux Arts style towards a more humanistic and modern imagery appropriate to the industrial age.
  • Built as a monument to Irwin S. Chanin (see Irwin S. Chanin), a graduate of Cooper Union who became a major New York developer of the 1920s.

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More Information

Location

122-128 East 42nd Street
374-390 Lexington Avenue, 117-127 East 41st Street
122 East 42nd Street
10168
Murray Hill
Manhattan
New York City
New York
U.S.A.

Technical Data

207.30 m
197.80 m
197.80 m
56
1927
1929

Involved Companies

developer, general contractor, steel supplier

Features & Amenities

  • City landmark
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