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Turning Torso


Turning Torso


Structure in General

existing [completed]
composite structure
pile foundation
curtain wall
structural expressionism


rental apartments commercial office


  • The structure is made up of nine "cubes" of five stories each, stacked one above the other with one floor recessed between every two adjacent cubes.
  • Inspired by a sculpture made by the building's architect, the tower twists 90º from top to bottom (hence the "Turning" in the name).
  • Glazed panorama rooms with room for 20 people each are situated at the 49th and 43rd floors, between the 8th and 9th cubes and the 7th and 8th cubes respectively.
  • The building holds the highest apartments in Europe.
  • The two lower cubes contain offices and conference rooms, and the top two floors hold a conference center.
  • The building was constructed to restore the Malmö skyline after the 130 meter high Kockumskran crane was demolished.
  • Because of the curving facade, it was impossible to install hoists during construction. Instead the main core elevators were used to lift construction materials, and were built in stages as the structure rose.
  • Along with other Calatrava designs, Turning Torso was featured as a work of art in an exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City from October 2005 to January 2006.
  • Each apartment incorporates individual consumption monitors, allowing the residents to control their own energy costs.
  • Turning Torso was featured on an episode of the Discovery Channel's Extreme Engineering filmed in February 2004. It first aired in the US in July '04 and in Europe in the fall.
  • This is the first twisting skyscraper of its kind in the world, and has already inspired variations such as Cayan Tower in Dubai and Calatrava's own Chicago Spire in Chicago and Torres de Calatrava in Valencia.
  • On 31 October 2005 the Prime Minister of Sweden, Göran Persson, visited the roof of Turning Torso.
  • The building is situated in the middle of a reflecting pool with two sculptures by Santiago Calatrava.
  • The building is visible from Copenhagen in Denmark, in the distance across the Öresund.
  • Many people have asked the elevator company if Turning Torso has twisting elevator shafts. It does not; the elevators rise straight up through the core.
  • Apartment windows are parallelograms, with straight horizontals and diagonal vertical edges.
  • In spite of its name, the tower does not actually "turn" in the sense of movement; it is engineered to sway a maximum of 30 cm at the top in a 44 meter per second wind, not enough to be noticeable.

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More Information


Västra Varvsgatan 34
Lilla Varvsgatan 14
Västra Varvsgatan 34, Lilla Varvsgatan 14
211 15
Region Skåne

Technical Data

623.36 ft
623.36 ft
623.36 ft
598.14 ft
586.58 ft
10.43 ft
Feb 2001
Aug 2005

Involved Companies

Alimak Hek Group AB

Samark Arkitektur & Design AB
Santiago Calatrava S.A.
HVAC supplier, MEP engineering, check engineering, civil engineering, client, consultant, cooling installation, damper supplier, developer, disposal system supplier, door installation, door supplier, electrical contractor, electrical engineering, elevator supplier, excavation company, facade designer, facade installation, facade maintenance system supplier, fire protection engineering, formwork supplier, foundation company, geotechnical engineering, lighting consultant, mechanical engineering, mechanical systems installation, owner, plumbing contractor, plumbing engineering, project management, roofing supplier, shell construction, shoring contractor, steel supplier, surveyor

Features & Amenities

  • One of the city's famous buildings
  • Sauna is available
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