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The Shard

Identification

The Shard
Shard London Bridge, London Bridge Tower, the Shard of Glass
101995

Map

Structure in General

skyscraper
existing [completed]
core plus outrigger
steel
concrete
composite structure
glass
curtain wall
modernism
active heating (unspecified)
raised floor

Usage

commercial office residential hotel
swimming restaurant café bar

Facts

  • Floors 34 to 52 are occupied by a 185-room Shangri-La hotel. It opened on May 6, 2014.
  • The internal areas are used as follows: public areas on floors 1 to 3; offices on floors 4 to 31; a mid-level public area and viewing gallery on floors 34 to 36; a hotel on floors 37 to 51; 114 apartments on floors 52 to 64; and an upper viewing gallery on floors 65 to 66.
  • The building features a concrete frame which sits atop one made from steel.
  • Residential units are situated at heights from 192 metres (631 feet) to 224 metres (735 feet) and are the tallest in London.
  • The lowest of the two public viewing galleries is situated at 121 metres (397 feet) and features 5-star restaurants.
  • The lower level is devoted to 27 office floors.
  • Each floor features naturally ventilated 'winter gardens' with operable louvre windows.
  • Excess heat generated by the offices is used to heat the hotel and apartments, whilst any superfluous heat is dissipated naturally via a radiator atop the building.
  • The building's façade is both double-skinned and ventilated, thus reducing solar gain whilst maximising light intake. In the “fractures” between the shards opening vents provide natural ventilation to winter gardens.
  • The building's design has been described by the architect as resembling a sharp, crystal pyramid.
  • The tower's design features angled glass façade panels which result in a multiformity of changing reflected light patterns.
  • The main structural element is the slip formed concrete core in the centre of the building. It houses the main service risers, lifts and escape stairs.
  • Following the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, the London Bridge Tower was structurally redesigned to improve stability and reduce evacuation times.
  • The original design for this project, by Broadway Malyan, featured a circular tower of 87-storeys, 365-metres in height. This design was then replaced by an 80-storey, 390-metre design by Renzo Piano, described by many as a 'shard of glass'. Due to further consultation, a height of 310-metres was decided on, and the tower was reduced to 66-storeys.
  • The tower is environmentally friendly and at 306m (1,003ft) is Western Europe’s tallest habitable building.
  • The Shard's extensive use of energy-saving materials and techniques contributes to the building using 30% less energy than other high-rises of comparable dimensions.
  • At the lower levels, the tower extends the existing public concourse and opens up routes connecting Guy's Hospital, King's College and the southern residential areas to the business communities stretching along the river.
  • The Shard is the first skyscraper in Western Europe to both reach and exceed 1,000 feet in height.
  • The project was given final approval following a Public Inquiry on 19th November 2003.
  • Southwark Towers was demolished to make way for the building.
  • The construction contract for the project was signed with Mace in late February 2009.
  • The building's movement is not restricted with any form of damping. Extra rigidity has been attained by employing a 'hat truss' at the building's top, which comprises outriggers that connect the perimeter columns to the core.
  • The tower's form and proportions recall the church spires of the City and the masts of ships which plied their trade along the adjacent Thames.
  • The building has been officially inaugurated on July 5, 2012.
  • Europe's highest public viewing gallery in a building is situated at 244 metres (800 feet) on levels 68 to 72.
  • The building opened the gallery with 360 degree panorama views of London in February 2013.
  • The project is a response to the Mayor’s policy of promoting high density development at key transport nodes.
  • Unlike other cities such as New York or Hong Kong, the Shard is not part of an existing cluster of high rise buildings. References included the masts of ships docked in the nearby Pool of London and Monet’s paintings of the Houses of Parliament.

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More Information

Location

32 London Bridge Street
SE1
United Kingdom

Technical Data

306.00 m
306.00 m
244.30 m
244.30 m
73
Mar 2009
2013
44
8
48

Involved Companies

Premium Companies:

Design Architect:

Associate Architect:

Also recorded for this building:

concrete supplier, consultant, developer, elevator consultant, elevator supplier, environmental consultant, escalator supplier, facade engineering, facade maintenance system supplier, facade supplier, fire protection engineering, foundation company, general contractor, investor, MEP engineering, owner, project management, quantity surveyor, real estate agent, sealants & adhesives supplier, security system consultant, shell construction, site agent, steel supplier, structural engineering, tenant, wind surveyor

Features & Amenities

  • Double-decker elevators present
  • Handicapped accessible
  • Observation floor is available
  • Raised floors are available