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Your Location: World North America U.S.A. District of Columbia Washington The Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul

The Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul

Identification

The Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul
Washington National Cathedral
119537

Map

Structure in General

church
existing [completed]
masonry
load-bearing foundation walls
limestone
neo-gothic

Usage

church (anglican)

Facts

  • Built with the same engineering used in Medieval times (but using modern tower cranes), the structure's masonry is all self-supporting, and uses no structural steel.
  • Like many of Europe's gothic churches, the National Cathedral has a variety of fearsome-looking gargoyles, but with a modern touch - one is a stylized businessman holding a briefcase.
  • Contains the tomb of President Woodrow Wilson.
  • The top of the building reaches 676 feet above sea level, making it higher than the Washington Monument even though the structure is shorter.
  • This cathedral weighs 150,000 tons.
  • There are 215 stained glass windows in the cathedral.
  • The principal stone used in the construction of the cathedral is Indiana limestone.
  • This is the second-largest church in the United States, after only the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City.
  • Construction lasted 83 years, starting and finishing on September 29th.
  • The paired towers at the west entrance are 234 feet tall.
  • The Cathedral welcomes nearly 700,000 visitors and worshippers annually.
  • There are 110 gargoyles on the Cathedral.
  • The first tract of land for the 30-acre Cathedral site was purchased in 1898 for $245,000. Two other parcels of land were purchased later, bringing the total cost to $291,427 and the total area to fifty-seven acres.
  • The Gloria in Excelsis central tower contains a 53-bell carillon from John Taylor Bell Founders (in the lower belfry) and a 10-bell peal from the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. Both were cast and installed in 1963, and together they make this tower unique in the world in having both a carillon and a peal.
  • President Theodore Roosevelt was present for the foundation ceremony.

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More Information

Location

3101 Wisconsin Avenue NW
20016
U.S.A.

Technical Data

301.00 ft
301.00 ft
517.67 ft
289.75 ft
1907
1990
$65,000,000

Involved Companies

Architect:

Associate Architect:

Also recorded for this building:

bell foundry, facade supplier, general contractor, window supplier

Features & Amenities

  • One of the city's famous buildings
  • Cathedral title is officially assigned