Structure in General
art deco / art moderne
- Built as a monument to Irwin S. Chanin (see Irwin S. Chanin), a graduate of Cooper Union who became a major New York developer of the 1920s.
- Chanin himself had his own offices on the 50th and 51st floors of the tower that were famous for a theater and an award-winning bathroom.
- To attract tenants, the owner provided centralized services at the base of the building including an underground connection to Grand Central Terminal and ground-floor commercial spaces.
- A movie theater and a subterranean bus terminal were included in the original project but no longer remain.
- Above the base, the tower's steel frame is clad in buff brick and terra cotta and it is set back in conformance with the 1916 Zoning Law.
- At the top, the skyscraper is capped by a dramatic crown that was once illuminated at night.
- Inside the lobby, the walls are decorated with reliefs by set-designer Jacques Delamarre and Renee Chambellan that represent "The City of Opportunity" and "The Active Life of the Individual," the latter perhaps a reference to Chanin's own rise to power and wealth.
- The facade illustrates the introduction of colored glass, stone and metal on the exterior of tall buildings.
- In contrast to its neighbor, Grand Central Terminal, the Chanin Building's Art Deco facade represents a turn away from the Beaux Arts style towards a more humanistic and modern imagery appropriate to the industrial age.
- 3rd tallest building in the world, when it was completed.
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122-128 East 42nd Street
122 East 42nd Street
New York City
Also recorded for this building:
general contractor, developer, steel supplier
Features & Amenities
- City landmark