Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile
Structure in General
- The arch was commissioned by Napoléan Bonaparte to celebrate his victory at Austerlitz.
- The arch was completed by Blouet following the death of Chalgrin in 1811.
- The base of the arch exhibits four giant relief sculptures depicting The Triumph, Resistance, Peace and the Departure of the Volunteers, best known as La Marseillaise.
- The interior of the arch contains a small museum displaying plans and models related to the arch's construction.
- Circling the top of the arch are names of major victories from the time of the French Revolution and Napoleonic eras.
- The inner walls of the arch display minor victories and the names of 558 generals - the names of those who died in action are underlined.
- The top of the arch provides a splendid view of the Étoile below and its twelve radiating boulevards; looking southeast along the Avenue des Champs-Élysées to the Place de la Concorde and northwest to La Grande Arche and buildings at La Défense.
- Beneath the arch sits the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with a flame of remembrance.
- The incumbent French president lays a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier every Armistice Day on the 11th day of the 11th month.
- The arch is best reached via a pedestrian underpass rather than by crossing the Étoile and risking injury from passing traffic.
- The arch is the venue for the culmination of the Tour de France cycle race.
- On national holidays and state occasions, a huge French tricolor flag is hung inside the arch.
- So large is the arch, that a pilot has even flown a small plane through its centre.
- World's largest triumphal arch.
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Place de L'Etoile
Features & Amenities
- One of the city's famous buildings